Innovative and diversified technologies are increasingly available for teaching and learning. But the biggest pain for teachers using several pieces of technology and resources is putting together the workflow and data locked within different applications. The AcrossX solution solves this problem. The teacher can manage the learning plan as one activity, but leverage affordances and advantages from different tools and resources. The xAPI data from different sources are integrated and visualized on her dashboard. The data are also leveraged to add a social layer and a gamification layer to the learning experience. A feedback widget gives real-time feedback to learners to aid, nudge and encourage them. This project is being implemented in Taipei city, Taiwan. All teachers and students, about 350,000 in number, in Taipei city will be using this solution (later other areas might join); the public department is working towards building an ecosystem (from collaboration of public departments, schools, vendors, scholars, and developers) based on xAPI standard and open learning data as Open Data. Note: Vocabularies that are not managed by the AcrossX project and referenced from other controlled vocabularies are higlighted in yellow .
Published by: xAPI Chinese CoP
Date Created: 2015-12-13
Last Modified: 2016-10-01
Verb Description Scope Note ID (IRI) Related Match Closely Related Term Vocabulary
accessed https://w3id.org/xapi/seriousgames/verbs/accessed https://w3id.org/xapi/seriousgames
annotated To furnish with critical commentary or explanatory notes; gloss. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/annotated https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
answered Used to show the actor's answer in a quiz or practice test. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/answered https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
asked Used to ask a question in a forum or other web application. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/asked https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
attempted Used for an attempt on an assessment in AcrossX. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/attempted https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
attended Indicates the actor was present at a virtual or physical event or activity. https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/attended https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
bookmarked https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/bookmarked https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
commented Used to add a comment in a forum or other web application. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/commented https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
completed http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/completed https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
deleted Indicated the actor moved an object to trash bin, or removed the object. it could be recoverable or unrecoverable. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/deleted http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200179456-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
designed Indicates the actor carefully planned or created the object for a specific purpose. Used for designing a lesson plan / learning plan / action plan. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/designed http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/201757273-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
disliked Indicates that the actor does not approve of the object or activity. Vote down a post or a reply on a forum or social media. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/disliked http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/201780648-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
edited Indicates the actor added or modified the content in a document or object. Add or modify the content in a Spreadsheet or a post on forum. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/edited http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200629787-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
evaluated Indicates the actor formed an opinion or prepared to assess another actor or object. Used to describe the act of a teacher or coach evaluating a learner's performance or product. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/evaluated http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200672179-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
failed http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/failed https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
highlighted https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/highlighted https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
interacted Used to indicate a learner's action of interacting with elements in a quiz. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/interacted https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
liked vote up a post or a reply on a forum or social media. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/liked closeMatch: http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/like https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
logged-in https://w3id.org/xapi/adl/verbs/logged-in https://w3id.org/xapi/adl/verbs
noted https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/noted https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
played Indicated the actor has played a game. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/played https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
posted Used to describe the action of posting a discussion topic or message on a forum. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/posted http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200993715-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
progressed http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/progressed https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
reacted Indicate the actor showed a response or a reaction to some object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/reacted http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200719282-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
read https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/read https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
referenced Used to indicate an actor look up an online resource through a link. https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/referenced https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
reported Indicates the actor announced the result of an experience or activity. Used to describe the action of self-reporting a learning experience by the actor, but can be used for reporting other's action as well. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/reported http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200968841-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
requested Indicates the actor requested assistance or help from peers or coaches/teachers. https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/requested https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs
returned Indicate the actor gave back object to its previous location or owner. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/returned http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/202314987-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
revealed Indicates the actor exposed an object or content that's previously hidden. Used when the actor opened an information or quiz box to read or answer it. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/revealed https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
searched Indicates the actor looked for information in an object. Used to convey a text string search of information within an application or interface in Across X https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/searched closeMatch: http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/search http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/201318273-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
selected https://w3id.org/xapi/adb/verbs/selected https://w3id.org/xapi/adb
set Indicate the actor put some object (e.g. preference) into a certain state. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/set http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200299677-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
shared Sharing content or additional reference material with another application or user. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/verbs/shared https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
skipped Used to indicate the actor skipped forward or backward while watching a video. http://id.tincanapi.com/verb/skipped https://registry.experienceapi.com
started Indicated the actor has started an activity object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/started https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
submitted Used for an actor submitted something for an assignment or a project. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/submitted https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
synchronized Indicated the instructor took control of learner's screen to display synchronizedly with instructor's screen. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/synchronized http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/200465909-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
unsynchronized Indicated the instructor removed the control over learner's screen. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/unsynchronized https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
viewed http://id.tincanapi.com/verb/viewed https://registry.experienceapi.com
was-assigned Indicates the actor was given or required to access an object. Used to describe the action of learning material being assigned to a learner. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/was-assigned http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/202396945-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
watched Indicates the actor observed a visual obect. Used to indicate that an actor absorbed a video visually. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/verbs/watched closeMatch: http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/watch http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/202396945-v https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
Acitivity Type Description Scope Note ID (IRI) Related Match Closely Related Term Vocabulary
assessment This term is used for assessments in digital form, to be distinguished from assessment in paper form. http://adlnet.gov/expapi/activities/assessment https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
assignment A task or piece of work assigned to someone as part of a job or course of study. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/assignment https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
class Face-to-face class activity including lecturing, discussing and student presentation. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/class https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
class-online Online class with interactions between instructors and learners through online tools. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/class-online https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
collaboration The activity involving multiple actors working together on an assignment, a project, a problem-solving challenge or a cause. Used to identify the activity of cooperative problem-solving. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/collaboration http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/101207646-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
course http://adlnet.gov/expapi/activities/course https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
courseware An activity that allows instructors to create slides with quizzes/polling questions embedded inside to collect responses and get reporting instantly in class. Interactive courseware application used in face to face class, for example, an IRS (instant response system) https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/courseware https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
document A standalone file that major part of its content is text. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/document https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
e-book A book in electronic form as a document, file, or interactive application with optional formatting and control features. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/e-book http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106522968-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
face-to-face-discussion An exchange or communication on a topic by two or more actors in-person taking place in a physical location. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/face-to-face-discussion http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/107155367-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
game A competitive or cooperative activity in which players try to perform better in its metrics according to a set of rules. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/game https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
interaction http://adlnet.gov/expapi/activities/interaction https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
learning-plan A learning plan is to plan and organize learning activities from different Activity Providers, to-do list or another plan(s), it could be built by instructors, learning designers or learners. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/learning-plan http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/105736623-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
message Information that is communicated by or to or between individual actors or groups of actors. A personal message between actors, usually transmitted privately. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/message http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/100033319-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
note Refers to an object that was annotated as part of the activity. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/note http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106775984-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
online-discussion An exchange or communication on a topic by two or more actors in-person taking place online or virtually. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/online-discussion https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
page The single representation of a specific page number and the content on that page in any digitally or physically written material. Refer to a page number and the content on that page in an e-book or printed book. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/page http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106269333-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
prescription Instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/prescription http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106377253-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
presentation A presentation is a process of presenting a topic to an audience. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/presentation https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
printed-book A written work or composition that has been physically printed on paper pages bound together. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/printed-book http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106422547-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
printed-worksheet A page or group of pages containing problems, exercises, or instructions for learning activities. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/printed-worksheet http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106427434-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
printed-assessment A written examination or test provided in paper form, and intended to be completed using a pencil or pen. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/printed-assessment http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/107213988-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
question http://adlnet.gov/expapi/activities/question https://w3id.org/xapi/adl
rehabilitation Rehabilitation is the treatment of physical disabilities by massage and electrotherapy and exercises. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/rehabilitation http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/100701513-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
rubric A rubric is a scoring tool that explicitly represents the performance expectations for an assignment or piece of work. A rubric divides the assigned work into component parts and provides clear descriptions of the characteristics of the work associated with each component, at varying levels of mastery. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/rubric https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
submission The work submitted by the actor or the group in response to a quest, assignment, project, question, competition or RFP. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/submission https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
video A recording of audible and visual content intended to be shown on a video display. A video has audio and visual components of content, and could be delivered online or offline. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/video closeMatch: http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/video http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/104541422-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
virtual-reality A realistic and immersive simulation of a three-dimensional environment, created using interactive software and hardware, and experienced or controlled by movement of the body. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/virtual-reality http://dbpedia.org/page/Virtual_reality https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
webpage A web document (usually HTML-based) accessible by anyone connected to the internet and by using a web browser. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/webpage closeMatch: http://activitystrea.ms/schema/1.0/page http://wordnet-rdf.princeton.edu/wn31/106370307-n https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
written-book A work written or crafted manually on paper pages bound together. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/activities/written-book https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
Extension Description Scope Note ID (IRI) Vocabulary
alignment It's to indicate the node in competency standard or knowledge graph the activity/content is aligned to, could be a string or a URL of the corresponding information page. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/alignment https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
anchor-text It's the text string associated with an internal or external link (to another book page or web page). https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/anchor-text https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
blooms-level It's to indicate the Bloom's level the activity or content is aligned to. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/blooms-level https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
browser-info This should send available information about the browser the Actor used. http://id.tincanapi.com/extension/browser-info https://registry.tincanapi.com/#home/extensions
by-whom It's to indicate who created/authored/presented the object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/by-whom https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
chapter It's to indicate the chapter this statement is related to, used for ebook in AcrossX. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/chapter https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
column It's to indicate the column number of a cell in a spreadsheet. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/column https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
duration It's a value in ISO8601 format representing a length of time. This extension is used within an Activity Definition to indicate a length of an Activity as compared to the Result.duration which captures the length of time for a specific event. For example a video may be 5 minutes long (this Extension), but an actor may have only watched 30 seconds of it (the Result.duration). http://id.tincanapi.com/extension/duration https://registry.tincanapi.com/#home/extensions
ending-point The final point at which an Actor ceases an activity, for example, stopping the playing of a video at a specific position on the timeline either manually or automatically. Goes along with "Starting Point". Can be used with types of media and/or activities other than video. http://id.tincanapi.com/extension/ending-point https://registry.tincanapi.com/#home/extensions
feedback It's the feedback the Actor gets after answering a question, or feedback from teacher or peer. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/feedback https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
highlightedString It's a string highlighted by the Actor. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/highlightedString https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
mentionedagent It's to indicate an agent mentioned in a discussion, the value must be one type of Inverse Functional Identifier. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/mentionedagent https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
page-index It's to indicate the page this statement is related to. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/page-index https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
pass-score It's to indicate the required score to pass an assessment. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/pass-score https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
row It's to indicate the row number of a cell in a spreadsheet. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/row https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
rubrics It's the rubrics teachers use to evaluate Actor's performance or outcomes. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/rubrics https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
section It's to indicate the section this statement is related to, used for ebook in AcrossX. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/section https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
starting-point The initial point from which the Actor begins an activity, for example, starting to play a video from a specific position in the video timeline. Goes along with "Ending Point". Can be used with types of media and/or activities other than video. http://id.tincanapi.com/extension/starting-point https://registry.tincanapi.com/#home/extensions
supplemental-info It's the hint available for the Actor to answer a question, or supplemental information for an object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/supplemental-info https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
team-work It's the performance standard to evaluate team work collaboration. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/team-work https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
time It's a value representing a position on a timeline of an activity, should be in ISO8601 format. http://id.tincanapi.com/extension/time https://registry.tincanapi.com/#home/extensions
time-limit It's to indicate the time constraint of an assessment object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/time-limit https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
total-items It's to indicate total items in an assessment object. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/total-items https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
total-pages It's to indicate the total pages of a book or a slide-deck. https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/total-pages https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx
total-score It's to indicate total score of an assessment object. hhttps://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx/extensions/total-score https://w3id.org/xapi/acrossx