ADL 呼籲各个 CoP 统筹社群意见，形成如何描述特定种类事件的共识，订定 Design Profile ，我们翻为”设定”，它可说是为记录某种事件设计一个统一模板，让大家可以遵循使用，这样学习记录才有互操作性，不同来源资料可以整合。
ADL asked CoPs work on Design Profiles:
The xAPI specification was written to be flexible enough to meet the varying use cases of the e-learning community. This flexibility can lead to a degradation of interoperability if communities of practice do not agree to certain conventions. These conventions and rules on how to use the xAPI can be collected into companion specifications and applied to the base xAPI specification as profiles.
Design Profile: A reusable template that conveys how to record a specific type of learning experience and should be produced by an xAPI CoP during or after the process of developing a controlled vocabulary. A design profile should contain metadata and a JSON representation of the following: profile name, use case description, actor, verb, object/activity type, context, and possible results. — ADL
配方(Recipe)是指如何描述特定事件的方法与模板，跟 “设定” 比起来，它明订更细的设计规则，不按照配方设计 xAPI statement，并不会造成学习记录 xAPI statement 被 LRS 驳回，只是学习分析的品质与资料互通性會降低。
ADL 的 Jason Haag 建立了以下关係图以利澄清 Vocabulary / Profile / Recipe 之间的关係: (文件在此)